The added value involved in the production of goods generally involves several partners and is separated both spatially and organizationally. In addition the provision of goods is to a large extent organized on a global basis. This means that raw materials and semi-finished goods are bought worldwide and the products which are manufactured from these materials are also distributed worldwide. At the same time, the expectations of the customers are rising: for example short delivery times and a wide range of services are important, but at the same time low logistics costs are also expected. In order to achieve this, effective logistics networks are necessary.
The aim is support decision-making processes in cases of disruption in complex logistics networks, the focus here being on short-term planning. Using simulation studies, defined disruption scenarios are evaluated with regard to their effect on the cargo handling centre or cargo handling centre network affected, making it possible to restore operations. The basis for the process is a process-oriented reference model which has been developed especially for cargo handling centres.
There are two sub-targets:
- The aim is to identify norm strategies for defined procedures (routines) on the basis of the simulation results, which can then be made more concrete in the form of guidelines.
- The simulation environment is available as a tool which can be used to give situation-specific recommendations in the case of disruption in the system. Unlike point 1., the calculations are carried out after the breakdown in the system has taken place, where the model environment (model cargo handling centre network) is available.
The important concepts in this connection are Business Continuity approaches and emergency plans. The ideas laid out here, will also contribute to effective Supply Chain Risk Management on a tactical and particularly on an operative level. Currently most publications and research in this area concentrate more on the strategic level.
These risks are analyzed within the framework of the combined "PreparedNET - Agent-based Simulation and Research of an Emergency Plan to Protect sensitive Logistics Hubs" project. The research project is funded by the Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) through the "Research for civil security" programme under the "Safeguarding of the Supply Chain" programme. Several other partners from research and industry are involved in the project besides the Faculty of Business Information Systems at Furtwangen University:
- Institut für Seeverkehrswirtschaft und Logistik (ISL), Bremen (Project leaders)
- Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN), Berlin
- LUB Consulting GmbH, Dresden
- Emons Spedition GmbH, Dresden
The project sponsor is VDI Technologiezentrum GmbH.
The task of the HFU team is to record the processes in and between selected sensitive logistics hubs. In cooperation with the other research partners this will be carried out at two cargo handling centres - in Bremen und Dresden. In the next step the results will be evaluated and transferred to a generalized model for cargo handling centres.
Later in the project, simulation studies are planned in order to test alternative modes of response in cases of damage.
- Altendeitering, M., Breuer, C., Dotzlaff, R., Prinzbach, J., Reusch, M., Scherer, A., Siestrup, G. (2011): Konzeptionierung eines prozessorientierten Referenzmodells für sensible Logistikknoten - dargestellt am Beispiel von GVZ, in: Furtwanger Beiträge zur Logistik, Heft 1
- Breuer, C., Siestrup, G., Haasis, H.-D. (2014): Decision-Support for Responsible Risk Handling in Logistics Agglomerations, in: Pawar, K. S. und M. Nkhoma (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Logistics (ISL 2014): “Designing Responsible and Innovativ Global Supply Chains", S. 271-277
- Breuer, C., Haasis, H.-D., Siestrup, G. (2015): Operational Risk Response for Business Continuity in Logistics Agglomerations, in: Dethloff, J., Haasis, H.-D., Kopfer, H., Kotzab, H. und J. Schönberger (Hrsg.): Logistics Management: Products, Actors, Technology - Proceedings of the German Academic Association for Business Research, Bremen, 2013, Cham: Springer International Publishing, S. 107-120
- Breuer, C., Castine, J. D., Siestrup, G., Haasis, H.-D., Wildebrand, H. (2013): Risk-oriented decision support in sensitive logistics nodes, in: Pawar, K. S. und H. Rogers (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Logistics (ISL 2013): “Resilient Supply Chains in an Uncertain Environment”, S. 213-221
- Breuer, C., Haasis, H.-D., Plöger, M., Siestrup, G., Wildebrand, H. (2011): Support of an operational supply chain risk management for sensitive logistics nodes, in: Pawar, K. S. und H. Rogers (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the 16th International Symposium on Logistics (ISL 2011): "Rebuilding Supply Chains of the future for a Globalised World", S. 335-339
- Breuer, C., Wildebrand, H., Haasis, H-D., Reusch, M., Siestrup, G., Wunsch, A. (2012): Reactive Risk Management Using a Combined Multi-Agent Simulation Approach, in: Pawar, K. S. und A. T. Potter (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Logistics (ISL 2012): ?New Horizons in Logistics and Supply Chain Management?, S. 319-326
- Breuer, C., Siestrup, G., Haasis, H-D. (2012): Operational Risk Issues and
Time-Critical Decision-Making for Sensitive Logistics Nodes, in: Chan, H.
K., Lettice, F., Durowoju, O. (Hrsg.): Decision-Making for Supply Chain
Integration, London: Springer, S. 123-143
- Breuer, C., Dotzlaff, R., Siestrup, G. (2012): Risikomanagement für sensible Logistikknoten, in: Forschungsbericht 2012/2013 der Hochschule Furtwangen, Augsburg: vmm Wirtschaftsverlag, S. 54-58
- Breuer, C., Siestrup, G., Haasis, H.-D., Wildebrand, H. (2013): Collaborative risk management in sensitive logistics nodes, in: Team Performance Management, Volume 19, issue 7/8, S. 331-351
- Siestrup, G., Breuer, C., Wildebrand, H., Haasis, H-D. (2012): A Risk
Management Approach for Logistics Agglomerations, in: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Operational Research, S. 251
Accidents, tickets, stress - these are the results of overfilled parking lots on the motorways at night. Because there are too few parking options on Germany's motorways for truck drivers, those which are available are quickly filled, then drivers park on the side of the road or in entrances and exits. For truck drivers the battle for a parking spot begins early in the evening in order to meet the officially set driving and resting period regulations.
- Too few parking spots for cars on the motorways
- Overfilled parking lots
- Parking on every available spot due to lack of parking spots: on the side of the road, entrance to the parking lot/motorway services -> risk of accidents
- Time wastage by driving into and out of motorway service areas looking for parking spots
- Environmental pollution from emissions through looking for a parking spot
- Driving and resting periods cannot be met
- High penalties for exceeding time limits
The logistics project team of Furtwangen University deals with these problems:
In the future a parking spot can be reserved using a smartphone app to avoid the problems described above. The app will be connected with a backend system and will then make suggestions for parking options in the vicinity of the geographical position of the driver.
The main aim of the project is above all the support of truck drivers in their everyday working life. Further aims are as follows:
- Improvement of traffic safety
- Reduction of petrol use
- Reduction of environmental pollution through lowered emissions
- Efficient organization of motorways service areas
App (not yet available, picture shows planned app):
- Intuitive operation
- Reliable information
- Easy access to system
- Financial motivation
The app should be easy and intuitive for the truck drivers to use and for them to be able to navigate also while they are driving. The driver should then, while driving, be able to view the various parking options suggested (and regularly updated) and reserve a suitable parking spot.
Before leaving the driver must register in or log into the app. The smartphone app then communicates by GPS with the central system towards the end of the driving time and sends the current location of the truck. The central system sends a list of the best parking options in the vicinity. The driver can choose a parking spot from the list and reserve it. The app sends the driver's parking request to the central system which reserves the parking spot and logs this out of the system so that it is no longer available for other drivers. The participating parking spots must therefore be equipped with a barrier for this purpose which are then controlled over the central system making it possible to control the allocation of the parking spots.
The integration of production and logistics processes between organizations is continuing apace and with it the demands which are placed on deployment and sequencing systems. In the SUCULOG joint project (Sustainable Net by Cube Logistics) the potential of a new and patented cube sorter is analyzed and evaluated. Along with the development of a demonstrator (see Figure 1), computer-assisted simulation analyses are carried out in order to determine the performance capability of supply chains with embedded cube sorters. An automotive supplier will act as an application partner. A new solution on the basis of the cube sorter concept will be developed for their deployment process. Through this application case, other applications of the cube sorter technology will be tested. The SUCULOG joint project (Sustainable Net by Cube Logistics) will be financed through the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) "Innovations as key for sustainability in the economy" funding project.
- Universität Bremen, Lehrstuhl für Allgemeine Betriebswirtschaftslehre, Produktionswirtschaft und Industriebetriebslehre, Prof. Dr. H.-D. Haasis, Projektleitung
- CTS Logistiksysteme GmbH, Wörrstadt
- DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V., Berlin
- Green-IT GmbH, Konstanz
- GVZ-E Bremen mbH, Bremen
- Institut für Seeverkehrswirtschaft und Logistik, Bremen
- Johnson Controls Headliner GmbH, Werk Bremen
The task assigned to Furtwangen University (HFU) in the project is the preparation, execution and evaluation of simulation-based scenario analyses (Figure 2). Subject of the investigations are the linked and synchronized supply chains and supply networks with the imbedded cube sorter. The internal control logic of the cube sorter will be developed and supplied by the project partner Green IT.
On the basis of the scenarios defined together with the project partners, material flows will be virtually representated on a computer. The application case will include, for example, the observation of a material flow system from the area of automotive supply. The product range includes a car seat assembly group. Experiments will be carried out and evaluated with the models constructed.
- Siestrup, G.; Bartkowiak, J. (2006): Simulationsgestützte Szenarioanalysen im Projekt Suculog - Sustainable Net-by-Cube Logistics. In: Forschungsbericht der Hochschule Furtwangen University 2006/2007, S. 110-112.
- Siestrup, G.; Bartkowiak, J,: Haasis, H.-D. (2007): Simulation-based Design of Sequencing Processes in Automotive Supply Chains. In: Pawar, K.S.; Lalwani, C.S.; Muffatto, M. (Editors): Proceedings of the 12th Internation Symposium on Logistics (ISL) - Developing Sustainable Collaborative Supply Chains, Nottingham, pp. 120-125